Figure of Speech | Definition | Examples | Fully Explained

Figure of speech may be defined as ” a word or phrase that conveys meanings other than literal meanings”. Basically, Figure of speech is a literary device that is characterized by its eloquent and demonstrative use of language. The literary devices which may be termed as Figure of speech are given below.

Read: Parts of Speech | Definition, Overview, and Explanation

Definitions And Example:

1. Simile:

Simile may be defined as the comparison of two unlike things with the use of ” like and as”.


2. Metaphor:

Metaphor is a word that is used to compare two unlike things without the use of “like and as”.


3. Irony:

Irony may be defined as “a contrast between what is said and what is meant”.

Examples :

Suppose a very black man enters the room and we say, “Welcome! Mr.White.

This phrase “Welcome! Mr.White” is an irony because there is a contrast between what is said and what is meant.

4. Imagery:

Imagery is a literary device in which images are created in the minds of readers to enhance the readers’ understanding through images and sensations.


The above-mentioned sentence is a fine example of Imagery.. this line has been borrowed from Wordsworth’s’ poem “Daffodils”.

5. Hyperbole

Hyperbole is a literary device that is used for emphasis and exaggeration.


6. Personification:

Giving human attributes to non living things is called Personification.


7. Synecdoche:

It’s a figure of speech in which we use part to represent whole.


8. Euphemism:

Euphemism is the use of inoffensive, indirect, and mild term for an offensive, direct and harsh term.


9. Oxymoron:

Oxymoron is a use of two opposite terms at the same time.


10. Onomatopoeia:

It is a word that sounds like what it is describing.


11. Alliteration:

Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of neighboring words in a sentence.


12. Assonance:

Assonance may be defined as the repetition of similar vowel sounds in neighboring words of a sentence.


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