Figure of speech may be defined as ” a word or phrase that conveys meanings other than literal meanings”. Basically, Figure of speech is a literary device that is characterized by its eloquent and demonstrative use of language. The literary devices which may be termed as Figure of speech are given below.
Definitions And Example:
Simile may be defined as the comparison of two unlike things with the use of ” like and as”.
- She is as beautiful as a rose.
- He is brave as a lion.
- Nazia is as busy as bee.
Metaphor is a word that is used to compare two unlike things without the use of “like and as”.
- She is a rose.
- He is a lion.
Irony may be defined as “a contrast between what is said and what is meant”.
Suppose a very black man enters the room and we say, “Welcome! Mr.White.
This phrase “Welcome! Mr.White” is an irony because there is a contrast between what is said and what is meant.
Imagery is a literary device in which images are created in the minds of readers to enhance the readers’ understanding through images and sensations.
- I wandered lonely as a cloud.
The above-mentioned sentence is a fine example of Imagery.. this line has been borrowed from Wordsworth’s’ poem “Daffodils”.
Hyperbole is a literary device that is used for emphasis and exaggeration.
- I have told you million times.
- This room is a heat-box.
Giving human attributes to non living things is called Personification.
- The flowers are dancing.
- The sun is smiling at us.
- The wind is whistling.
It’s a figure of speech in which we use part to represent whole.
- Soldier—- represents army.
- Teacher— represents teaching staff.
Euphemism is the use of inoffensive, indirect, and mild term for an offensive, direct and harsh term.
- “He passed away” instead of “He died”.
- “MY Company has decided to let me go” instead of “My Company fired me”.
Oxymoron is a use of two opposite terms at the same time.
- I saw a small crowd.
- I went to the free market.
- He told me an open secret.
It is a word that sounds like what it is describing.
- Tick tock
- Ding dong
Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of neighboring words in a sentence.
- Peter picked a pocketbook.
- She sings a song.
Assonance may be defined as the repetition of similar vowel sounds in neighboring words of a sentence.
- Good night, Sleep tight.
- Dumb luck