- Banana is edible fruit or cannabis-infused food.
- They vary in color and size.
- Bananas are elongated and crescent in shape.
- They have sponge-like soft bodies rich in starch and covered with skin.
- Their skin of the banana is of different colors like green, purple, brown, and red.
- Bananas grow in bunches hanging on the plant.
Scientific Name of Banana
There are two wild species of banana, Which contain all seedless bananas (parthenocarpy)
- Musa acuminata
- Musa balbisiana
The scientific name of mostly grown species is Musa balbisiana, Musa acuminata, and Musa × paradisiaca.
While Musa sapientum was the old scientific name of bananas not used today.
Indomalaya and Australia are the natives of the Musa species. They are cultivated in more than 100 countries.
- The primary purpose of growing bananas is to get fruit.
- To get some fiber.
- Fiber harvests from the pseudostems and leaves of the banana plant for textile.
- Both, fibrous and fruit-bearing varieties cultivate and use in Asia since the 13th century.
- Young shoots and leaves are cut from the plant to make sure softness.
- These shoots boil in lye to prepare fiber for making yarn.
- Banana shoots use to make fiber with various degrees of softness.
- which produce textiles and yarn of different qualities for a specific use.
- The outer layer of the shoot is the coarsest use to make tablecloths.
- While the inner layer of fiber used to make kimono and kamishimo (traditional Japanese clothing).
- In India, fiber collected with a fiber separator machine from the agricultural waste of local bananas.
- Banana Paper
- banana paper made from banana fiber.
- first, the banana paper made from the bark of the banana plant used for artistic purposes.
- second, from the non-useable fruit and stem fiber.
- banana paper prepared by hand or by the industrial process.
- To make banana wine.
- To make Banana beer
- Used as a decorative plant.
Here are some common uses of bananas,
- Waste bananas used as feed for livestock.
- Their large leaves used an umbrella.
- The leaves of banana used as a container in some dishes
- Banana peel may capable to filter heavy metals from contaminated river water.
How to grow?
The banana plant grows from a corm (a short, vertical, swollen underground banana plant stem). Plants are often high (tall) and muscular.
Banana grows in a broad variety of soil not less than 60 cm (2.0 feet). Soil for growing should have good drainage. It should not compact.
Parts of Banana
- It is the largest flowering plant (herbious).
- Often, a banana plant (by mistake) known as a tree.
- Actually, banana trunks were sometimes taken as “false stem “or pseudostem.
- Leaves of banana have a “stalk” (petiole) and a blade.
- The lower part of the petiole widens to make a sheath. These sheaths may compactly packed to make a pseudostem.
- This pseudostem gives support to the plant.
- Banana plants vary in size depending upon the growing condition and variety.
Banana Leaves grow 8.9 feet (2.7 meters) long and 2.0 feet (60 centimeters) wide. Wind easily tore the banana leaves. As a result, they have a frond look. When banana plant become adult. The corm produces no more new leaves and starts to make flower spikes (inflorescence).
A new stem structure develops inside the pseudostem. It carries, the young inflorescence until it comes out at the top. Each pseudostem produces only a single inflorescence known as “banana heart”. The pseudostem dies after fruiting. Some offshoots developed from the lower part of the plant.
In this way, plant lives for many years, so the plant is perennial.
Banana Plant Hight
Most banana plants grow about 16 feet (5 meters) tall. Some may of 10 feet (3 meters) to 23 feet (7 meters) or more.
Banana hearts produces banana fruit in the form of large hanging bunches, made up of tiers (rows) called hands. Interestingly, a tire has up to 20 fruits. A hanging bunch of bananas comprises 3 to 20 tiers or banana stems. It may weight (66 to 110 lb.) or 30 to 50 kg.
Single banana fruit is known as a banana or finger. Which may weight (4 ½ oz) or 125 gm. Interestingly, Banana fruit contains 25% dry matter and 75% water.
The seeds are smaller nearly not existing. They remain as tiny specks in the inner part of the fruit.
All cultivated bananas today come from the two wild banana species Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
Seedless bananas propagated from offshoots asexually. The plant is let to produce two shoots at the same time. A larger one for instant fruiting, and a smaller “follower” or “sucker” to produce fruit in later months.
So that, Fresh bananas are available whole year as it is not a seasonal crop.
How to Ripe Bananas?
Bananas often harvested when they are green (unripe), they ripened in the special rooms. These rooms are airtight and filled with ethylene gas to ripen the bananas. Thus, this artificial process of ripening turns the green banans into vivid yellow bananas.
However, the ripening temperature affects the texture and flavor of bananas. They refrigerated between 56.3 to 59.0 °F (13.5 to 15 °C) during transport from place to place. As the temperature becomes low, the ripening of bananas permanently stalls, and they turned into gray color. Because the cell walls of bananas break down.
Then, The outer layer of ripe bananas quickly becomes black at a temperature of 39 °F (4 °C) ina domestic refrigerator. Although, the fruit remains unaffected from the inner side.
If the buyer demand bananas (untreated with ethylene) then, fully green bananas show up at the supermarket.
However, Green bananas not treated with gas will never fully ripen before they become rotten. Instead of, eating fresh bananas, they can be used for cooking.